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Universal Healthcare for America

Universal Healthcare for America

Every individual in the United States has financial protection that allows them to receive healthcare services. Regardless of social status, universal medical care has continued to provide every citizen in the United States with affordable services. Various sources have presented numerous facts about universal healthcare in the US. Thus, it is possible to say that universal healthcare is beneficial to all Americans.

Annotated Bibliography

Burke, S. A., Normand, C., Barry, S., & Thomas, S. (2016). From universal health insurance to universal healthcare? The shifting health policy landscape in Ireland since the economic crisis. Health Policy, 120(3), 235-240.

The source argues the basis of universal healthcare and the economic crisis. The cost of healthcare services brought an economic crisis, and thus, this led to slow economic development in various states. However, the universal healthcare policy has allowed guaranteed affordable treatment to people. The topics cover the shift from healthcare policy to universal healthcare. The information is reliable since Burke is among the renowned scholars in the field of healthcare and has published numerous articles and books. The article is objective, as it presents ideas that are of much concern. It is imperative in the research since it instills some information on the necessity of universal healthcare.

Dmytraczenko, T., & Almeida, G. (Eds.). (2015). Toward universal health coverage and equity in Latin America and the Caribbean: Evidence from selected countries. World Bank Publications.

The book presents various ideas on universal healthcare coverage. The main argument in the text is the importance of enacting universal health coverage in Latin America. Some of the topics that are covered include the setting of universal healthcare in Latin America, the elements of universal healthcare, and progress that has been made with the help of the universal healthcare policy. The topics provide imperative information based on the universal policy. As compared to other sources in this paper, Dmytraczenko & Almeida (2015) use Lapin America and the Caribbean for the assessment of universal healthcare. The fact that the book is specific in a given population makes research easy to perform, hence ensuring the reliability of the information. The source is helpful since it assists in understanding the health reforms in Latin America and the importance of universal healthcare in the local community.

de Andrade, L. O., Pellegrini Filho, A., Solar, O., Rígoli, F., de Salazar, L. M., Serrate, P. C., . . . & Atun, R. (2015). Social determinants of health, universal health coverage, and sustainable development: Case studies from Latin American countries. The Lancet, 385(9975), 1343-1351.

The source provides information on the elements that are considered in the societal setup when contributing to universal healthcare. In any given society, there are differences in terms of earnings and lifestyle. Specifically, there are high-class individuals as well as those citizens who leave below the poverty line. Therefore, the article presents such considerations that are put in place when contributing to insurance coverage. It is notable that these two societal groups cannot contribute the same to medical coverage, as they have different thoughts on this matter. De Andrade et al. (2015) talk about various considerations that are put in place to evaluate the specific amount each individual should spend. Thus, both the wealth status and the type of ailments are considered in the article. The article is considered credible since it has been evaluated and included in peer-reviewed sources. Besides, the authors are recognized in the field of healthcare and medicine. Therefore, the text is able to provide a consideration before enacting the amount to be contributed; thus, this helps in understanding the concept of universal healthcare in America.

Frenk, J. (2015). Leading the way towards universal health coverage: A call to action. The Lancet, 385(9975), 1352-1358.

Frenk (2015) provides sufficient information on the reasons for everyone to join universal healthcare coverage. The source talks about the health benefits that come with this coverage. The main argument in this article is that universal healthcare is beneficial, and everyone should contribute to ensuring their own coverage. Some of the benefits presented in the article are the fact that the policy guarantees better health standards for all as well as helps save on costs that could have been spent on hospital services. Some of the topics covered in this article are the benefits of universal healthcare and the importance of this program. Just like other sources considered in this paper, the article provides credible information since it had been assessed and evaluated by experts. Most importantly, there are no biases in the source, as the data that is present there is right as far as universal healthcare is concerned. The source is helpful since it encourages the use of universal healthcare as well as convinces individuals who might have the wrong perception about the policy. The source might be used to support the importance of universal healthcare.

Helfgott, S. M. (2012, February 3). A comparison of the Canadian and U.S. healthcare systems. The Rheumatologist. Retrieved from http://www.the-rheumatologist.org/article/a-comparison-of-the-canadian-and-u-s-healthcare-systems/

The major argument in this source is that there exist similarities among different universal healthcare programs all around the world. The article takes the case of the USA and Canada to show the existence of likeness. The main points in the article are that the poor population may get bad insurance coverage as compared to the rich people. When considering dental prostheses, the poor people in the above-mentioned states benefit much due to the universal cover. The article talks about different topics, such as the effects of universal coverage and the sources of inequality in the policy. As compared to other sources used in this work, this article is based on the US and Canadian cases to show similarities in universal healthcare perspectives across the globe. The information is reliable since it is a representation of a global view. However, the source may be biased since it only talks about a specific population, namely the USA. The article is resourceful since it helps in understanding other populations, and thus, it can be used for the research to show a case study for the same. Most importantly, this article may change the previous view on universal healthcare that the contribution is equal, but in reality, this is not the case.

Kaye, H. S. (2017). The potential impact of the American Health Care Act on home and community-based services spending. Retrieved from https://clpc.ucsf.edu/publications/potential-impact-american-health-care-act-home-and-community-based-services-spending

The main argument in this article is the impact that comes with universal healthcare on economic, social, and political aspects. One of the main points included in the text is the importance to enact universal healthcare on the state level. The topics covered in this article emphasize the impacts of universal healthcare on different parts of the society. As compared to other sources used, this text is not much different since it talks about what others say in regard to the topic of discussion. Additionally, this source provides reliable information since it is available in Google Scholar as a peer-reviewed; thus, it has been evaluated by numerous experts. No biases are evidenced in the text since the information has intensive support resources. The source is helpful in understanding the impacts of universal healthcare, but it does not change the perception and view of the topic at hand. In this way, it may be used in the research to support the benefits that come with universal healthcare policy.

Ridic, G., Gleason, S., & Ridic, O. (2012, February 11). Comparison of health care systems in the United States, Germany, and Canada. Materia Sociomedica, 24(2), 112-120.

The source argues for the value of universal healthcare for those people who use it. It covers numerous topics, such as the benefits of the policy and the impact that the policy has on the general population. It is equal to other texts mentioned above since it presents the importance of the policy. The information is reliable since it is a peer-reviewed article; besides, it is objective since it incorporated intensive research. The article adds information on universal healthcare; thus. it might be used in the research to add relevant data on the effects of universal healthcare policy.

Rudiger, A. (2015, March 31). Why universal health care is essential for a more equitable society. HuffPost. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/anja-rudiger/universal-health-care_b_6973164.html

The primary argument in this article is the influence of universal healthcare on cost. The author concludes that this policy reduces the cost of living, as less money is used on treatment. Some of the topics covered in the article are measures of socio-economic status and factors of multimorbidity among other ideas presented. The source is objective since the impact of universal healthcare policy on the socio-economic aspect of life is the same. Besides, the article presents reliable information since the author has experience in the field of healthcare. The text is resourceful, as it helps in the understanding of different benefits that come with universal healthcare as far as the socio-economic system is concerned. The source can be used in the research to uncover the social benefits that are associated with the policy. Nevertheless, the author does not provide any new data on the topic regarding the reduction in spending on medical treatment.

Reagan, M. D. (2018). The accidental system: Health care policy in America. New York, NY: Routledge.

Reagan has presented some of the cases that are covered in universal healthcare. He refers to universal healthcare as a policy that might help improve the health of the citizen. In most cases, not all citizens could afford healthcare services due to high costs; thus, better services are present for the high class of citizens who can easily pay more. However, the majority of individuals are poor; thus, they could find it difficult to get these services. The universal policy ensures that each and every person gets access to medical treatment without taking into about their status and wealth. Regan presents an example of a system that is covered in universal healthcare, namely the accident system. In this case, a patient who becomes involved in an accident is offered necessary care at the time they stay in any hospital. Reagan is known for numerous awards in the field of nursing, thus making the source credible to use. Therefore, this source is important to understand the link between healthcare policy and universal healthcare as well as the benefits they ensure to society.

Smith, J. C., & Medalia, C. (2014). Health insurance coverage in the United States: 2013. Washington, DC: US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census.

The source by Smith and Medalia (2014) majorly discusses the reforms in the healthcare system that have occurred in Latin America. It describes different laws and the benefits that they brought to the patients and the general population as far as healthcare is concerned. The reforms are dated back to the 1980s and till today with different improvements in the field of healthcare. The laws target the provision of better services to the general population. One of the most recent reforms is universal healthcare which protects the lives of the citizen through the provision of assurance coverage to all citizens. The source also talks about the advantages of universal healthcare, especially concerning the eradication of poverty in Latin America. The authors of the article are individuals who hold high ranks in education, hence making the source reliable. The source might be useful to present various reforms that have taken place in Latin America and the benefits of universal healthcare.

State of the Project: Accomplishments/Issues and Concerns

The completion of this research project was a long process that incorporated many drawbacks in the process. The main achievements are the presentation of the topic and proposal. The latter shows the elements that must be included in the research. It incorporates everything that makes the research process complete. Some of the aspects that are included in the proposal are the topic of the research, an introduction that provides the background of the project, problem statements that provide the source of the idea, the research questions and purpose of the research, the significance of the study, the research methods, as well as conclusions. Another work that has been done is the literature review. It incorporates the gathering and analysis of the required information to support the view of different scholars on the topic at hand. Thus, all these elements form a critical part of the research study. On the contrary, a lot has not been done; the actual research itself is yet to be completed. Moreover, data collection has not been performed, and it is the main element of every research.

The research involves various problems that a researcher must overcome to complete the task. In most cases, gathering information is difficult since there is a need to incorporate facts to enhance objective research. When data collection involves an interview, it is not easy to make it due to much time that such work requires and the possibility to get a refusal from a respondent. Moreover, it is usually difficult to analyze data from different secondary sources to come up with a meaningful idea for the project. Thus, these problems may have an impact on the final output.